Wednesday, July 25, 2012
A. Tourism, holidaymaking and travel are these days more significant social phenomena than most commentators have considered. On the face of it there could not be a more trivial subject for a book. And indeed since social scientists have had considerable difficulty explaining weightier topics, such as work or politics, it might be thought that they would have great difficulties in accounting for more trivial phenomena such as holidaymaking. However, there are interesting parallels with the study go deviance. This involves the investigation of bizarre and idiosyncratic social practices which happen to be defined as deviant in some societies but not necessarily in others. The assumption is that the investigation of deviance can repeal interesting and significant aspects of ‘normal’ societies. It could be said that a similar analysis can be applied to tourism.
Tuesday, July 10, 2012
Paper is different from other waste produce because it comes from sustainable resources: trees. Unlike the minerals and oil used to make plastics and metals, trees are replaceable. Paper is also biodegradable, so it does not pose as much threat to the environment when it is discarded. While 45 out of every 100 tonnes of wood fibre used to make paper in Australia comes from waste paper, the rest comes directly from virgin fibre from forests and plantations. By world standards this is a good performance since the world-wide average is 33 per cent waste paper. Governments have encouraged waste paper collection and sorting schemes and at the same time, the paper industry has responded by developing new recycling technologies that have paved the way for even greater utilisation of used fibre. As a result, industry’s use of recycled fibres is expected to increase at twice the rate of virgin fibre over the coming years.
Already, waste paper constitutes 70% of paper used for packaging and advances in the technology required to remove ink from the paper have allowed a higher recycled content in newsprint and writing paper. To achieve the benefits of recycling, the community must also contribute. We need to accept a change in the quality of paper products; for example stationery may be less white and of a rougher texture. There also needs to be support from the community for waste paper collection programs. Not only do we need to make the paper available to collectors but it also needs to be separated into different types and sorted from contaminants such as staples, paperclips, string and other miscellaneous items.
There are technical limitations to the amount of paper which can be recycled and some papers cannot be collected for re-use. These include paper in the forms of books and permanent records, photographic paper and paper which are badly contaminated. The four most common sources of paper for recycling are factories and retail stores which gather large amount of packaging material in which goods are delivered, also offices which have unwanted business documents and computer output, paper converters and printers and lastly households which discard newspapers and packaging material. The paper manufacturer also incurs the collection cost.
One collected, the paper has to be sorted by hand by people trained to recognise various types of paper. This is necessary because some types of paper can only be made from particular kinds of recycled fiber. The sorted paper then has to be rippled or mixed with water and broken down into its individual fibres. This mixture is called stock and may contain a wide variety of contaminating materials, particularly if it is made from mixed waste paper which has had little sorting. Various machines are used to remove other materials from the stock. After passing through the repulsing process, the fibres from printed waste paper are grey in color because the printing ink has soaked into the individual fibers. This recycled material can also be used in products where the grey colour is not acceptable, the fibres must be de-inked. This involves adding chemicals such as caustic soda or other alkalies, soaps and detergents, water hardening agents such as calcium chloride, frothing agents and bleaching agents. Before the recycled fibres can be made into paper they must be refined or treated in such a way that they bond together.
Most paper products must contain some virgin fiber as well as recycled fibres and unlike glass, paper cannot be recycled indefinitely. Most paper is down-cycled which means that a product made from recycled paper is of an inferior quality to the original paper. Recycling paper is beneficial in that it saves some of the energy, labor and capital that go into producing virgin pulp. However, recycling requires the use of fossil fuel, a non- renewable energy source, to collect the waste paper from the community and to process it to produce new paper. And the recycling process still creates emissions which require treatment before they can be disposed of safely. Nevertheless, paper recycling is an important economical and environmental practice but one which must be carried out in a rational and viable manner for it to be useful to both industry and the community.
Sunday, July 8, 2012
Computer Sales Professional
Thinking about a career in sales? If so, you should consider a position in the computer hardware, software, or services market. Depending on the type of sales you pursue, the rewards can be enormous. Despite what you may be thinking, a degree in computer science is not always required for a career in computer –related sales.
Computer sales professionals sell a wide variety of products and services. Here are just a few:
This field includes personal computers desktops, portables, network servers, network computers (NCs), and handheld computers. You may be sell to individual end users; small, medium, and large businesses; government agencies or schools; or to a variety of other organizations.
Although it may be impossible to find an organization that is not networked, opportunities abound in the networking sales field. Organizations are constantly upgrading and expanding their existing networks, looking for hardware and software solutions that will enable them to store and transmit data faster and more efficiently.
Telecommunications and computer technologies go hand in hand. Markets are expanding for wireless systems; systems that can transmit voice and data simultaneously; and phone systems that can connect to networks, enabling ushers to bring up a caller’s data instantly.
· Internet services sales.
The Internet is now an entire industry unto itself. Thousands of companies have sprung up, selling Internet services of all type, including Web hosting; Web site management; design; advertising; security; e-commerce; consulting; software and content development; and many others.
This industry extends beyond sales of operating systems and word processors; enterprise software includes massive database systems, network management software, data—mining tools, and other powerful and expensive packages.
· Professional services sales.
“Professional services” is a catch-all term that covers nearly every type of computer or network-related service, including system analysis and design; installation and configuration; programming and development; systems management; break-fix; help desk services; and software support. A career in computer sales can be very rewarding. Sales professionals are paid in many different compensation programs. Any compensation plan might in include a straight salary, commissions, bonuses, profit sharing, stock options, and other rewards. Many retail salespeople earn base salaries of $20,000 to $30,000, plus bonuses and commissions. The most successful corporate sales representatives earn literally millions of dollars. Computer sales can mean long hours, hard work, and less negotiating. It also requires an understanding of the products, services, and prices offered by your company and your competitors. Computer sales are extremely complected, especially when dealing with large corporate clients who purchase millions of dollars worth of products and services in a single order.
Saturday, July 7, 2012
Many careers are associated with the Internet, including network administrators, information system professionals, and data communications managers. Aside from careers that focus on architecture and administration of the internet, many other professions require not only a working knowledge of the Internet, but also a mastery of the tools used to create and distribute content across it. Here are a few such careers.
Corporate Web, intranet, and extranet sites are developed, designed, and maintained most often by teams of professionals. At the helm of such teams are experienced designers and Web masters. Web designers bring various traditional design skills to the table, such as experience with graphics, text design, and layout. They also are skilled with HTML tools and scripting languages. Web masters often provide more technical skills required for high-level network support. One or both of these leaders also must have management skills to direct and coordinate the efforts of a design team.
As more people connect to the internet, companies face increasing competition to provide highly visual, interactive content that enables them to capture and retain visitors to their Web sites. This need already has increased the demand for multimedia developers who can design content for the internet, particularly the Web. To become marketable in this field, multimedia developers need a thorough background in multimedia authoring and distribution and expertise in using such products as Macromedia Director. Shockwave, Flash, Adobe Live Motion, After Effects, and so on. These specialists also benefit from having programming skills and using scripting and programming languages such as Java Script, Action Script (Flash), Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), synchronized multimedia integration language (SMIL), Java, XML and others that are widely used on the internet.· Programmers.
Programmer are finding all sorts of opportunities in internet development, because Web sites commonly are used to support high-level functions such as interactivity, searches, data mining, and more. To get involved in internet-related products, these programmers learn a wide variety of languages, including Peri, Visual Basic, Java, C++ and others.
Just as the internet has changed the way multimedia content is delivered, it also has changed the way books, periodicals, and other printed media are delivered and viewed by consumers. Most publishing houses and newspapers require their writers and editors to work electronically and to deliver manuscript and articles via internet or other network. Many writers also must know how to create content for the internet and must be familiar with HTML. Similarly, editors should know how to work with HTML documents and how to deliver these pages to an internet site for publication.
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Thursday, July 5, 2012
Although all of us have inbuilt desire to become successful yet at times we have to undergo failures. Normally, failure results from raw idea and careless planning. Failure is a bitter fruit that’s why noon desires to experience it in life. I think many people who are successful today in their respective fields, had undergone failures in the initial stage of their work and career. They learned lessons from their failures and became successful afterwards. So I agree that failure is educational.
It is said that falling down does not make one failure but staying there does. So, we have to learn something significant or the reasons of failures and provide continuity to one’s work to be successful. Steven Wozniak when he got failure in his work and review the work he had already done and realized his inefficiency and proceeded to start all over again and became successful. The resulting invention was the Apple One, the world’s first personal computer. Failure can be educational, if one is wise or rational, I read somewhere that a wise learns from his own failure and the wisest learns from others‘. We can cite the examples of many famous writers whose first book proved to be disaster likewise many scientist and politicians whose attempts were unsuccessful, but due to their perpetual pursuit in their attempts made them ultimately world famous scientist and politicians. Wrights brothers, Einstein, Edison, Nelson Mandela, and Mahatma Gandhi etc are the examples of them.
Failure allows the attempters to know their weakness and inefficiency in particular work and this enables them to work well and effectively on the area of weakness and inefficiency and this would help them to improve their final performance and get success in their desired goals. Despite having no cut and dried formula to be successful we have to endeavour our best and pursue our work, learning from our own failure till we get success. If we fail once our exams, we should not give up our study rather we have to look for the reasons why we failed and how we can do better in future.